Physical Exercise Program for Osteoporosis in the Elderly: Literature Review


  • Yoshanda Krisna Paddiansyah Puskesmas Muara Hemat
  • Zakiyatun Nisa Puskesmas Muara Hemat
  • Elsafani Faddiasya Puskesmas Muara Hemat



Physical Activity, Elderly, Osteoporosis, Physical Training


Low bone mass and damage to the microarchitecture of bone tissue are two characteristics of osteoporosis, a systemic bone disease that can raise the risk of fractures. At every stage of life, increasing physical activity positively affects bone health, whereas reducing physical activity can cause bone loss. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of a physical exercise program for osteoporosis in the elderly. The technique is a literature review that involves looking for relevant publications using keywords. The inclusion criteria for this study were that the participants in the study were elderly subjects, that the results of the study measured or analyzed the physical exercise program in elderly subjects with osteoporosis, that the study used quasi experiment methods, randomized controlled trials, and cross sectional, that the year of publication of the study was in the time period of 2013–2022, and that the research was conducted in both Indonesian and English. The review's findings indicate that there are six papers that examine physical exercise programs for the elderly, including weight-bearing exercises, balance training, resistance training, and high-intensity resistance and impact training. These exercises can all be performed and have a favorable effect on the elderly. Even if there is no evidence to support the existence of dangers such fractures in physical training programs, it is nevertheless necessary to provide assistance in order to decrease risks.


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Stanghelle B, Bentzen H, Giangregorio L, Pripp AH, Skelton DA, Bergland A. Effects of a resistance and balance exercise programme on physical fitness, health-related quality of life and fear of falling in older women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture: a randomized controlled trial. Osteoporos Int. 2020;31(6):1069–78.

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Vieira tella S, Lemes B, José Antonio Silva Jr., Danilo Sales Bocalini, Frank Shiguemitsu Suzuki, Regiane Albertini, Aletha S. Caetano, Paulo de Tarso Camilo de Carvalho, Gisela Arsa, Andrey Jorge Serratella S. Vieira, Brunno Lemes, José Antonio Silva Jr., Danilo Sales Bocalini, AJS. Different land-based exercise training programs to improve bone health in postmenopausal women Authors’. Med Sci Tech. 2013;(54):158–63.

Watson SL, Weeks BK, Weis LJ, Harding AT, Horan SA, Beck BR. High-Intensity Resistance and Impact Training Improves Bone Mineral Density and Physical Function in Postmenopausal Women With Osteopenia and Osteoporosis: The LIFTMOR Randomized Controlled Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2018;33(2):211–20.

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How to Cite

Paddiansyah, Y. K., Nisa, Z. ., & Faddiasya, E. . (2023). Physical Exercise Program for Osteoporosis in the Elderly: Literature Review. Asian Journal of Healthcare Analytics, 2(1), 255–268.